08 Oct Simla Agreement Youtube
The Shimla Pact of the two countries, India and Pakistan, was an agreement on different aspects. Here are some of the most important points of the pact. Resignations shall begin on the date of entry into force of the Agreement and must be concluded within thirty days of that date. The ceasefire line between India and Pakistan was renamed the Line of Control (LOC) in the agreement and it was found that «neither side will try to change it unilaterally, regardless of mutual differences and legal interpretations.» Many Indian bureaucrats later claimed that a tacit agreement had been reached at an individual meeting between the two heads of government to turn the LOC into an international border. In contrast, Pakistani bureaucrats rejected it. The two countries are committed to resolving their differences through peaceful measures such as bilateral dialogue or other peaceful means on which they mutually agree. Neither side unilaterally changes the situation until the full settlement of any of the disputes between the two countries, and both prevent the organization, support or promotion of activities detrimental to peacekeeping and cordial relations. The pact has not prevented relations between the two countries from deteriorating into military conflict, as was the case recently during the Kargil war in 1999. In 1984, India conducted Operation Meghdoot and seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachen Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined by the agreement; Pakistan saw this as a violation of the Simla Agreement.
Natural disasters, including avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016, claimed most of the following lives in the Siachen conflict. According to the pact, the two countries would «solve their problems through bilateral negotiations by peaceful means.» India has repeatedly stated that the Kashmir dispute is a bilateral matter that must be resolved through bilateral negotiations, in accordance with the 1972 shimla agreement, and has therefore rejected any action by third parties, including that of the University: ted Nations. . Sharif ordered Pakistani troops to leave the Kargil Heights, citing a deteriorating military situation, diplomatic isolation and the risk of a major conventional and nuclear war. General Pervez Musharraf, he later claimed in his official biography, transmitted atomic bombs without alarming him. India`s military might was demonstrated when it conquered about a third of West Pakistan`s army and forced it to surrender. . .