12 Abr Schengen Agreement Asylum Seekers
In relation to the visa requirement, the documentary control obligations that states actually impose on air carriers are. Requiring air carriers to check visas and other travel documents helps shift the burden on the need for protection on those motivated by avoiding fines for their employer instead of providing protection to individuals. In doing so, it helps to place this very important responsibility in the hands of those who, a) are not empowered to adopt asylum provisions on behalf of states (b) totally out of school in the nuances and procedures of the principles of refugees and asylum, and (c) persons motivated by economic and non-humanitarian reasons. It is never possible to determine whether the absence of valid documents can demonstrate the need for immediate protection of the traveller. In the absence of harmonization of procedures, differences in procedures and admission standards can exploit the current imbalance in the burden of refugees and asylum in states. In addition, a strict division of responsibilities on the basis of which the state authorized entry could lead to the rejection of individual applications that could have been recognized in another contracting state. It is likely that, in accordance with paragraph 4 of Article 3, each State party will be free to consider a claim, including a claim previously rejected by another state. States are increasingly adopting and imposing visa requirements by airline staff. Although sanctions on airlines are not necessarily contrary to international law, UNHCR is particularly concerned about the imposition of air cargo sanctions and strict visa rules that do not distinguish asylum seekers from other foreigners. Once they have been granted asylum status, they will be able to travel through the Schengen area with their asylum documents. In Germany, for example, when a refugee is granted asylum, he obtains a blue passport allowing him to move freely within the Schengen area. UNHCR welcomes the reaffirmation in both conventions of the obligations of the parties to the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol, and is aware that these instruments should, as an expression of the excellence of international law, guide and guide the implementation of regional conventions. The fundamental protection of the Convention of 51 is that of non-refoulement.
States are «jointly responsible» for the application of this principle in order to do everything in their power to prevent asylum seekers from being returned to their countries of origin without a thorough review of their applications. Asylum should not be a lottery. EU Member States have a common responsibility to welcome asylum seekers with dignity, so that they are treated fairly and their cases are examined according to uniform standards, so that the results will be similar, regardless of where an application is applied. The Schengen Agreement was implemented on 26 March 1995 and bears the name of its birthplace, the Schengen City in Luxembourg. Prior to that date, borders in Europe were patrolled by border guards and crossing points were active across the continent. At each of these crossing points, passports and identity documents were checked with all persons approaching the border, often resulting in significant travel delays. The Dublin regime was originally introduced by the Dublin Convention, signed in Dublin (Ireland) on 15 June 1990 and came into force on 1 October 1997 for the first twelve signatories (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom), and on 1 January 1998 for Finland.  While the agreement was only open to accession by the Member States of the European Communities, Norway and Iceland, non-member countries, reached an agreement with the EC in 2001 on the application of the provisions of the Convention on their territory.  UNHCR welcomes the willingness of states to share statistical information and data on the development of refugees with each other and unhcr and appreciates the