11 Abr Post-Cotonou Partnership Agreement
In response to the European Commission`s communication, CONCORD has drawn up recommendations to put man and the planet at the heart of the future agreement. The future agreement should cover priority areas such as. B: The Cotonou agreement introduces the idea of performance-based partnerships and forgoes «aid rights» such as fixed allowances, regardless of the benefit. CONCORD presents a list of recommendations to put in place the most effective and useful mechanisms and elements of integration and defence of the role and space of civil society in the post-2020 EU-ACP agreement. The EU has negotiated a series of Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with the 79 ACP countries. These agreements aim to create a common trade and development partnership, supported by development aid. For more information on key developments in the future of the EU-ACP partnership, see the following timetable. The European Commission has published a joint communication entitled «Towards a Renewed Partnership with the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries after 2020» on: the European Commission has officially begun negotiations with ACP countries for a new partnership agreement to succeed the Cotonou Partnership Agreement. The Council gives the Commission a mandate to negotiate these agreements and must sign the final agreement as soon as it is concluded.
The Cotonou Partnership Agreement is a comprehensive and legally binding framework that defines relations between the ACP countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP) and the EU. It was signed in 2000 for a 20-year period between 79 ACP countries and 28 EU member states (27 years after Brexit). It is based on three complementary pillars: development cooperation, economic and trade cooperation and the political dimension. The main objective of the agreement is to reduce and eradicate poverty and promote the integration of ACP countries into the global economy. It is mainly funded by the European Development Fund (EDF), a financial instrument outside the general budget of the European Union which has made a significant contribution to the Pacific region, both nationally and regionally, with non-refundable subsidies. The Cotonou Partnership Agreement expires in February 2020 and formal negotiations on a new partnership agreement between governments began in October 2018. The ACP-EU Council of Ministers is the supreme institution of the ACP-EU partnership. It meets once a year, alternately in Brussels and an ACP country, and consists of most of its development programmes for ACP countries through the European Development Fund (EDF). These funds are not part of the EU`s overall budget.
They are subject to internal agreement between the Member States meeting in the Council. There is also a dispute over money. The Cotonou agreement also regulated financial relations. Over the past six years, OACPS has jointly received more than 30 billion euros ($35 billion) in development aid from Brussels. Governments in poor countries want this to continue. «THE ACP countries have insisted that a financial protocol be part of the convention,» says Keijzer. On the other hand, the EU is cautious and only wants to make general commitments. In the future, the money would come from the regular budget. However, this decision must be taken annually by the Member States. A risk to OACPS. Jointly organised by CONCORD and the Slovak Presidency in cooperation with the International Forum for National NGO Platforms (IFP), the two-day event was a dialogue on the EU`s partnership with the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries after 2020.