08 Abr Asean Free Trade Agreement Benefits
In general, imported products are either fully obtained from the ESTV Member State or have undergone significant transformation. Substantial processing of goods/products can be determined on the basis of possible added value or a change in the tariff classification or process rule. Under the free trade agreement, the various free trade agreements will produce different standards for the level of labour/component of goods produced. However, in general, the ROOs of the free trade agreements concluded by the Philippines provide that, when they come from the exporting country, these products come from that ESTV Member State for at least 40% of the free-to-air value of their contents (materials, parts, components). An international agreement entitled: Agreement establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA), signed on 27 February 2009 in Cha-am, Phetchaburi, Thailand, has created a free trade area between ASEAN countries, Australia and New Zealand.  These two agreements have the collective impact that makes ASEAN the strategic hub of global sourcing and manufacturing. With a base of 150 million consumers of the middle class aSEAN, this market, which was then coupled with the 250 million from China and India, represents a middle-class consumer market, with a total free trade of about 650 million people – today. By 2030, in the face of Asia`s growing prosperity and growing dynamism, about 64% of the world`s middle class will be established in Asia, representing 40% of the total global consumption of the middle class. The AFTA agreement was signed in Singapore on 28 January 1992. When the AFTA agreement was originally signed, ASEAN had six members: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
Vietnam joined the country in 1995, Laos and Myanmar in 1997 and Cambodia in 1999. The AFTA now includes the ten ASEAN countries. The four laggards had to sign the AFTA agreement for ASEAN membership, but were given longer delays in complying with THE AFTA tariff reduction obligations. Efforts to close the development gap and expand trade among ASEAN members are essential elements of the political debate. According to a 2008 research mandate published by the World Bank as part of its «Trade Costs and Relief» project, ASEAN members have the potential to reap significant benefits from investment in new trade facilitation reforms, as a result of the important customs reform already implemented by the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement. During the same period, ASEAN officials signed five major free trade agreements with other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Such measures have helped to reduce tariffs, streamline rules and, in general, simplify export and import procedures. As a result, these economic integration initiatives offer considerable opportunities for ASEAN-based businesses. A key feature of the agreement is the non-maintenance of quantitative restrictions and the removal of non-tariff barriers.
 Removing these trade barriers will reduce the costs of trade transactions, further increase ASEAN-China trade and improve economic efficiency. Because, under the free trade agreement, low-priced imports go from one member to another, production specializes, which increases real incomes in both ASEAN and China, with resources allocated to sectors where they can be used more efficiently and productively. Summary: There is little doubt that trade liberalization has had a profound impact on the well-being of women in Southeast Asia. However, not all of these effects are negative. Indeed, the opening up of the region`s economies, both nationally and regionally, has… The ASEAN bloc has largely eliminated all import and export taxes on goods traded between them, with the exception of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, which continue to impose nominal duties on certain items.